Despite it is not a piece of cake to recognize gum disease yourself, regular dental examination with your dentist and modern equipment support can detect periodontal diseases at very early stages. Early detection accompanied with treatment plan is essential to prevent development of periodontal diseases.
How periodontal diseases affect your oral health?
- Cause bad breath
- Severe pain, tooth hyper-sensitivity to hot/ cold food and drink
- Loss of appetite
- Weaken periodontal structure (receding gum, reduced alveolar bone) loosen teeth, the worst case is tooth loss
How are periodontal diseases treated?
Periodontal treatment methods are indicated upon the type and the developing stage of the disease. Thorough professional cleaning is prior to any gum disease treatment, so that the origin of gum disease - bacterial plaque can be eliminated completely.
As long as the disease is detected when in gingivitis stage, which means there is no devastation impacting on the supporting tooth structure, you may simply be given detailed instructions on daily oral hygiene practice after having a professional cleaning.
In moderate periodontal disease, periodontal pockets are formed and they attract the gathering of bacteria which makes the disease more severe. The treatment plan in this stage involves a special cleaning, called “scaling and root planing” that removes all plaque and tartar from the deepest of each periodontal pocket. This treatment may be done over several visits, depending on your condition. The main purpose is to smooth the root surfaces, making it possible for the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the tooth. Medications to control infection, reduce pain, or to aid healing may be prescribed.
Smoking is accessory factor that both causes and worsens periodontal disease. Quitting smoking is a must to pause the disease. In addition, people with other disorders like diabetes, cardiovascular disease,... are considered to be at high risk of periodontal disease. You should discuss with your doctor about your general health to have right treatment plan.
After the scaling and root planing treatment, another appointment will be made within a few weeks to allow the periodontist to check the healing of your gum and measure the depth of periodontal pockets. Surgery or other treatment methods may involve if the disease has signs of developing to advanced stage, such as receding gums and bone loss.
Remember that periodontitis never disappears by itself. Leave it untreated and lose your teeth or prevent and treat it in the early stages to save your teeth is upon your choice.
Care after treatment
Special care after periodontitis treatment is required to reattain your lifetime healthy smile.
- Frequent checkups, periodic deep cleanings
- Good oral hygiene practice at home Daily home cleaning helps keep the plaque under control and reduces tartar buildup.
- Quit smoking
- Balanced diet